EZEKIEL 28:11-19

The purpose of me writing an article on this passage is to preface my mountain of God study. This passage is either revealing something that cannot be further defined or there is more meaning here. I want to make sure that I’m interpreting this correctly and using the information appropriately. So if you have any insight or concerns please let me know. There is danger here to infer and cause more damage than good. I do not wish to hold to a doctrine adamantly which is not sound. This is what I wish to avoid at all costs. However there is something to be explained through this passage.

Ezekiel 28:

11)The word of Yahweh comes to Ezekiel (not specified how)

12)“Son of man” (Ezekiel)

“Lamentation” (accompaniment of mourning)

King of Tyre”: Adam Clarke states that he is, “probably the same who is called in the Phoenician annals Ithobalus." (1)Charles Ryrie says almost emphatically that this, “Apparently describes someone other than the human king of Tyre, namely, Satan.” (2) Most commentaries go on to say that he was a man who in the world view at the time was great. There are many different ways to look at this passage. I have the viewpoint that it has to do with pride. The one with the most pride of all is Lucifer. So from this viewpoint I will proceed.

“Seal of perfection”: Now in view of this being Lucifer, giving the seal of perfection would’ve been done by God at Lucifers’ creation. To attribute this to the man of Tyre is a high claim, but it is a comparison. Ezekiel was told this by God, who would have had the knowledge of the beginning of Lucifer.

“Full of wisdom and perfect beauty”: Again, Lucifer was made perfect until he turned prideful. Still the comparison, although I’m sure The King of Tyre wasn’t sealed in perfection.

13)“You were in Eden, the Garden of God;” Now this is where I differ from most commentaries. They jump to Adam here, because of Eden. Let us not be too hasty to get to that conclusion. Lucifer was also there. I believe these precious stones refer to Lucifer’s beauty not of Adam and his likeness at his creation. Adam was fashioned out of dust not precious stones.

14)“Anointed cherub, who covers,” now the covering cherub is one who was above the throne of God himself. There were two covering the mercy seat of the Ark of the Covenant. (Ex.25:18-22, 37:7-9, 1Kin.6:23, 2Chr.3:10) To me it makes sense that this is speaking of Lucifer, although the next line could be taken that it is Adam.

“I placed you there,” the only scripture evidence of placing is in reference to the Garden in Eden. (Gen.2:8) Which you could contend that the previous verse is referring to Adam. But that is an inference and I don’t think the upcoming verses support this view.

“The Holy Mountain of God,” this is the permanent dwelling of Yahweh. It has not moved, it still exists today but the fall has removed the physical splendor of it. In the series I will show you why.

15)“Blameless…in the day you were created,” both Adam and Lucifer could be in this description, but unlikely the king of Tyre.

“Unrighteousness was found in you.” The first act of sin by Adam was disobedience, which was found after he hid from God. The next verse however states that it was violence that caused the sin. I don’t think this about Adam but probably true of both Lucifer and the king of Trye.

16)This whole verse to me is talking about Lucifer and what was found in his very essence of being. It is his internal violence that is causing him to sin. This is the unrighteousness that is found in him. He

profaned his role as covering cherub. He has been destroyed. This isn’t describing Adam is it? I don’t see how (after this and the next three verses) it could be anyone other than Lucifer himself. I think God is referencing the likeness of Lucifer to the calamity that is about to come to the King of Trye.

17)“Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty,” the pride before the fall. Lucifer was made of magnificent splendor and had wisdom in its fullness. This caused him to think of himself more highly than he should have. This probably began the next step to violence.

18)I think this verse in part is eschatological (referring to future events) and Lucifer already profaned his sanctuaries. His judgment is coming.

19)Then he will be terrified, he will be appalled by the peoples who know him. He will be no more. I don’t think this is Adam, it has to refer to both the King of Tyre and Lucifer. There is solace and joy to know that the evil one will be defeated once and for all. Also the King of Tyre has already met his doom.

Now my whole point is in this: Is this Lucifer that is being referenced here as a comparison for the King of Tyre? I believe so, and I’m convinced thus far that there are more implications that can be made from this passage. If you disagree then I would like to know why and how. The Church in the past has made traditions because of inference and over reasoning of scripture.

I appreciate you taking the time to read the article. May the peace of our Lord and saviour, Jesus Christ be with you.

Jason H. MacDonald
The Empty Tomb Ministry




1. Adam Clarke, “Adam Clarke’s Commentary on the Old Testament,“ Ezekiel 28 preface.

2. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, “Ryrie Study Bible; New American Standard,” (Bible, English, New American Standard, 1995) p.1306; notes on 28:11-19